In March 1915, Britain signed a secret agreement with Russia, whose plans on the territory of the Empire had led the Turks to join forces with Germany and Austria-Hungary in 1914. Russia would annex the Ottoman capital Constantinople and retain control of the Dardanelles (the extremely important strait that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean) and the Gallipoli Peninsula, which began in April 1915. In exchange, Russia would accept British claims to other territories of the former Ottoman Empire and central Pere, including the oil-rich region of Mesopotamia. Loevy makes a similar point with regard to sections 4 to 8 of the agreement and refers to the British and French who practiced “Ottoman colonial development as insiders” and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations.  while Khalidi highlighted Britain`s and France`s negotiations on the homs-Baghdad railways in 1913 and 1914, as well as their agreements with Germany in other regions, as a “clear basis” for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement.  The Sykes-Picot Agreement (officially the 1916 Asia Minor Agreement) was a secret agreement made during World War I between the British and French governments on the division of the Ottoman Empire between the Allies. Russia was also aware of the talks. In April 1920, the San Remo Conference distributed class A mandates on Syria to France and to Iraq and Palestine to Britain. The same conference ratified an oil deal reached at a London conference on 12 February on the basis of a slightly different version of the long-term berenger agreement, previously initialled on 21 December in London.
Prior to Sykes-Picot`s centenary in 2016, the media and science generated great interest in the long-term effects of the agreement. . . .